Nobel Prize




The award was established by the will of Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist and inventor. The prize awarding ceremony is annually being held on December 10 of  every year to the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
It is being awarded for outstanding contributions in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Physiology or Medicine and Peace since 1901.

Nobel Laureates 2009

Physics
Charles K. Kao
" for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication"
Standard Telecommunication Laboratories
Harlow, United Kingdom; Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, China
born in Shanghai, China 1933.

Willard S. Boyle
"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor"
Bell Laboratories
Murray Hill, NJ, USA
born in Amherst, NS, Canada 1924.

George E. Smith
"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor"
Bell Laboratories
Murray Hill, NJ, USA
born in 1930.

Chemistry
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"
United Kingdom     
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology
Cambridge, United Kingdom
born in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India 1952.

Thomas A. Steitz
"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"
Yale University
New Haven, CT, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute
United States of America
born in 1940.

Ada E. Yonath
Weizmann Institute of Science
Rehovot, Israel
Israel
born in 1939.

Physiology or Medicine
"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
Elizabeth H. Blackburn
University of California
San Francisco, CA, USA
United States of America
born in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia 1948.

Carol W. Greider
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, MD, USA
United States of America
born in 1961.

Jack W. Szostak
Harvard Medical School; Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, MA, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute
United States of America
born in London, United Kingdom 1952.

Literature
Herta Müller
"who, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed"
Germany.
born in Nitzkydorf, Banat, Romania 1953.

Peace
Barack H. Obama
"for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples"
44th President of the United States of America.
born in 1961

Economics (Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences)
Elinor Ostrom
"for her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons"
Indiana University
Bloomington, IN, USA.
United States of America
born in 1933.

Oliver E. Williamson
"for his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm"
University of California
Berkeley, CA, USA
United States of America
born in 1932.

Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (officially The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel), reffered to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, was  established and endowed by Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden's central bank, in memory of Alfred Nobel.

List of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates since 1901

reference:
http://wikipedia.org
http://nobelprize.org

Thank you very much.
regards,
lynnnayko

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